Periodontal disease, otherwise known as gingivitis, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. In its early stages there may not be any pain involved, but you may experience one of the most common symptoms: bleeding gums. If left untreated, this condition can result in receding gums and the loss of teeth. So, what can be done to treat the condition? Keep reading to learn more.
Initial treatment for periodontal gum disease entails the deep-cleaning procedures of scaling and root planning. In the scaling process, your dental hygienist or orthodontic dentist typically uses ultrasonic and manual instruments to remove plaque above and beneath the gum line. Root planing is the process of smoothing the tooth to get rid of the bacteria. It also helps the gums to reattach to the tooth.
Surgical procedures vary, depending on your individual diagnosis and recommended treatment plan; however, the basic procedure is called gingival flap surgery. During the surgery, your gums are separated from the teeth and folded back to allow the surgeon to directly access the roots and bone supporting the teeth to remove infected tissue.
If there is severe bone loss, bone grafting may be necessary to restore total functionality.
There are various levels of anesthesia that can be used for patients who undergo periodontal surgery, including sedation dentistry.
It’s usual to experience some discomfort and minor bleeding after periodontal surgery, but these issues are usually temporary in nature. Swelling can be managed by applying an ice pack. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection.
The good news about gum disease is that if it’s caught early enough, scaling and root planing may be the only treatment required. But if the bone or tissue surrounding your teeth is beyond repair, a periodontist specialist can recommend the best course of action in your specific case.
The goal of periodontal treatment is to manage the infection. The treatment approach and the number of sessions depend on the severity and type of gum disease being controlled. If you have any additional questions about periodontal treatment in Glendale, Desert Peak Family Dental Care is here to help.